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Type of Object
aedificium building all built structures but sepulchres. Enter the specific kind of building’s name (wall, tower, aqueduct, sewer, curia, house, basilica, porch, arch et cetera). This entry includes only inscriptions directly made onto structure’s face.
amphora amphora -
amphora, cortex amphora’s lid -
ampulla flask/bottle flask/bottle
anaglyphum relief -
ancora anchor -
antefixum antefix -
ara ara Item devoted to sacrifices or ritual offerings, including altars. To be distinguished from pedestal. If doubtful enter: ara aut basis?
ara, sepulcrum sepulchral ara -
arenatum wet plaster -
arma weapon all defence or offence weapons, including throwing ones.
arma, galea helmet -
arma, glans slinger’s missile -
arma, lorica armour -
arma, spatha sword -
basis base/pedestal all kinds of pedestals.
basis, donum base of oblation to any deity -
basis, statua honorific statue base -
cancellum barrier/fence -
candelabrum candlestick -
capitulum capital -
capitulum, abacus top of the capital -
capitulum, echinus lower part of capital -
capsa box container, including reliquary
cinerarium urn all kinds of ash holders. Use it instead of olla, urna, ossarium et cetera.
cinerarium, operculum urn’s lid -
cippus cippus each vertical, thick stone but ara, basis, pila, postis or a stela.
cippus, aquaeductus cippus part of an aqueduct -
cippus, centuriatio centuriation cippus -
cippus, flumen cippus close to a riverside -
cippus, miliarium milestone -
cippus, pomerium cippus part of pomerium -
cippus, terminus boundary cippus -
clavis keys -
clipeus honorific shield -
cochlear spoon -
collare collar -
collyrium pack for eye medication, spread using a signaculum oculariorum -
columna column shaft -
columna, basis column base -
columna, imoscapus bottom of column shaft -
columna, summoscapus top of column shaft -
corona crown -
cretula cretula -
cupa barrel -
cupa, lamina barrel, stave -
diploma tablet containing an imperial resolution addressed to discharged soldiers -
dolium jar -
dyptichus diptych -
epistylium architrave -
forma matrix/mould used to produce all kinds of moulded objects in any material, sometimes inscripted
fragmentum fragmentary material hard to identify -
fritillus dice box -
gemma gem precious or semiprecious stone
gradus step -
gradus, amphiteatrum amphitheatre’s step -
gradus, theatrum theatre’s step -
herma herm -
horologium clock each instrument used to calculate time
imago bust portrait -
indumentum clothing all kinds of clothing
indumentum, calceamentum footwear -
indumentum, cingulum belt -
instrumentum tool all kinds of instruments or tools used to practice a trade/job. Enter, when possible, tool’s specific name.
labrum pool mainly with religious functions
later brick all kinds of bricks
libra scale each instrument used to weight
lucerna oil lamp -
massa ingot/bar -
mensa table shelf -
mensa, capacitas shelf designed for standard measurements, i.e. arid and liquid capacity -
mensa, mensura shelf designed for standard linear measurements -
mensura, capacitas measure all kinds of arid or liquid measures (do not enter “modius” or similar specifications; in case, they can be typed in another search step)
mola grindstone all kinds but trapetum
monile ornament/decoration on clothes or worn by people
monile, anulus ring -
monile, armilla bracelet -
monile, fibula fibula fastener/brooch
monile, inaures earring -
monile, torques necklace -
mortarium pestle -
naiskos small temple -
ollarium block with cavities to hold urns -
oscillum oscillum (swinging object) religious offering
parallelepipedum block -
pavimentum floor -
pila pillar -
pistillum pestle -
pluteus rail/parapet -
pondus weight all kinds of weights
postis door frame -
puteal well -
rupes rockface do not enter saxum; both outdoor and indoor (tunnel)
sarcophagus sarcophagus case all kinds.
sarcophagus, operculum sarcophagus lid -
sedile seat all kinds; do not enter sedes, sella etc.
sepulcrum all kinds of sepulchral buildings enter the specific name. In case of an inscription written on sepulchre’s walls, enter aedificium. Do not use aedificium in case of an inscription written on objects not pertaining to the building.
sepulcrum, cupa sepulchral type called "cupa" (barrel) -
sphaera sphere -
signaculum seal a seal or a stamp seal
signaculum, ocularius seal used to stamp on collyria -
signum statue portraying a deity -
silex river cobblestone -
sors little tablet stick or other objects with oracle response
speculum mirror -
statua statue portraying a mortal man -
stela stele -
suppellex household items, furnitures -
tabula slab slab made of any kind of material and of any size, even tiny, provided that its classification doesn’t fit in tesserae.
tabula, annona slab with notes referring to Annona transportations’ management -
tabula, defixio slab with an inscribed curse -
tabula, hospitalitas slab with an Act of hospitality -
tabula, immunitatis slab with payment immunity act -
tabula, lusus playing slab -
tabula, merx label and waybill for wares -
tabula, nummus slab with notes referring to a monetary control -
tabula, patronatus slab with an Act of patronage -
tegula tile -
tessella playing dice -
tessera token -
tessera, lusus counter -
tessera, monumentum token distributed on the occasion of a momument or building unveiling cerimony -
tessera, spectaculum token used as a pass to attend a show -
thesaurus container for offerings, alms -
tintinnabulum little bell -
trapezophorus supporting structure table support
tubus pipe of any type and made of any material (including fistula)
vas vessel/container of any shape (open/closed), made of any material and designed for any use. Notice: ampulla, amphora, capsa, cupa, cinerarium, dolium, mortarium are not included.
vas, culina cookware kettles, pots and pans; further specific names (caccabus, olla etc.) will be entered in third place (i.e.: vas, culina, olla)
vas, mensa tableware plates, jugs, glasses; further specific names, (lanx, urceus, poculum, calix, scyphus, calathus) will be entered in third position (i.e.: vas, mensa, poculum)

aes bronze, copper
arenatum wet plaster
argentum silver
aurum gold
cera wax
creta clay, pottery
ferrum iron
lapis stone
lignum wood
marmor marble
musivum mosaic
plumbum lead
tectorium plaster
vitrum glass

Writing technique
atramento in ink
caelo with a burin
crustis with little fragments of marble, stone and other materials except for mosaic tiles
litt. agem. damascened letters
litt. alv. with holes designed to receive inset gilded bronze or lead letters
litt. app. inset letters
litt. emin. embossed letters
litt. ex forma molded letters
litt. scariph. graffiti on hard surface (marble, plaster, terracotta)
pictura painted
punctim letters obtained by pricking little holes
scalpro shaped with a chisel (engraved letters)
signaculo stamped with a seal
stilo engraved on soft matter (unbaked clay, wet mortar, wax)
terebro embroidered letters
tessellis mosaic letters
typo punched letters

Type of Inscription
sacer inscriptions dedicated to a deity
honorarius honorific inscriptions (epitaphs not included)
sepulcralis all inscriptions related to sepulchers (edges included)
oper. publ. priv.que inscriptions on a building (or similar) affixed by its constructor or restorer
term. non sep. all inscriptions aimed at marking off a space (centuriation and military cippi included)
fasti, leges, acta calendars, lists of magistrates, all legislative documents (laws, senatus consulta, imperial constitutions, edicts, decrees, acts of colleges, etc.)
tit. in artis operib. inscr. artists’ signatures, captions
cetera all inscriptions not included in the above mentioned types
ignoratur inscriptions impossible to classify
? enter ? sign next to one of the above types in case of doubtful classification
carmen enter “carmen” next to one of the above types in case of metrical inscriptions

Social role of mentioned people
imp. imperatoris domusque augustae (related to the Emperor and his family)
ord. sen. ordinis senatorii (related to senatory class)
ord. eq. ordinis equestris (related to knightly class)
ord. mun. ordinum municipalium (magistrates, priests, members of local ruling class)
mil. soldiers and military officers (lower ranking than senatory and knightly class)
reges, viri notab. exter. gent. kings and chiefs from non-Roman populations
eccl. ecclesiastical members and church staff
offic. magg., Augg., mun. administrator of imperial and municipal government
offic. pag., vic., colleg. Head of vici, pagi, colleges and staff of said organizations.
offic. priv. craftsmen, traders, private administrators
cet. each person not included in the above types
? enter ? sign next to one of the above types in case of doubtful classification
ignoratur impossible to classify